What is Organic Matter? Why It Is Important to Plants?

Organic matter refers to any material that has been living or once lived. This includes plant and animal material, as well as soil. Organic matter is essential to plants because it helps them process nutrients and water.

It also helps the plants to resist pests and diseases. In addition, organic matter provides carbon dioxide, which is essential for plant growth.

Organic matter is essential to plants because it helps them absorb nutrients and water. It also helps protect the plant against pests and diseases. Organic matter decomposes over time, providing nutrients for the plant to use.

Organic matter is vital to plants, as it helps to improve their growth and health. Organic matter consists of plant material that has been broken down by bacteria and fungus and is composed of carbon, nitrogen, and water. This substance is essential for the growth of plants, as it provides them with nutrients and helps to protect them from infection.

What Is Organic Matter?

Organic matter is anything that remains after removing water, air, and rocks from a sample. It is made up of carbon-containing molecules, usually arranged in chains. Organic matter can be found in soil, water, plants, and animals. Organic matter comprises carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen atoms. The carbon-nitrogen-oxygen molecules that make up organic matter are linked together by covalent bonds. This means that the particles of carbon and oxygen are held together by shared electrons.

All organic matters contain carbon. However, the types of carbon will differ depending on the source of organic matter. For example, in seawater, a large percentage of carbon is in the form of glucose. However, the organic matter in plants is in the form of glucose, cellulose, and other carbohydrates. In plants, organic issues play several essential roles. The organic matter in plants is used to make the plant grow and flourish. It also stores energy and produces food for humans and other animals. Let’s discuss it in detail in the next section.

Why Is Organic Matter Important?

Organic Matter

Organic matter is essential to plants because it helps them extract energy from the sun and soil. It also helps to hold moisture and nutrients in the ground. Organic matter is broken down by plants and provides them with nutrients, including nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and sulfur. In plants, roots often use organic matter to make sugars from carbon dioxide or sunlight. The process of photosynthesis creates energy, which is stored in the plant’s cell structure.

Moreover, organic matter is a source of carbon, nitrogen, and other nutrients. Plants use organic matter to feed themselves and build their cells. Without it, the plants would not grow.

How Does Organic Matter Affect Soil Quality?

Organic matter is a critical factor in soil quality. It provides food for microbial activity, increases water infiltration and retention, improves aeration and drainage, and promotes root growth and turnover of essential nutrients. Without it, the soil would not break down into form (organic) material to supply plant nutrients. Organic matter breaks down into smaller and smaller particles as it decomposes, which increases the surface area of organic material exposed to water. This provides more available nutrients for plant uptake, increasing plant growth and crop yields.

Organic matter also affects soil’s physical properties. Organic matter increases soil’s water-holding capacity and increases its volume and porosity. Organic matter decreases soil compaction, thereby increasing roots’ ability to penetrate the soil.

How Do You Select Your Organic Matter?

Organic matter can be found in many forms. Some forms of organic matter are as follows: compost, manure, composted manure, composted poultry litter (called “raw chicken litter” by some people), and shredded leaves. It is not necessarily a good idea to use organic matter from your backyard. Composted manure or composted poultry litter can contain many chemicals, including pesticides and pharmaceuticals, which may contaminate the compost pile. To avoid this problem, you should use commercial compost.

Using high-quality compost (at least 80% organic matter) is essential. This can be done in many ways, but one reasonably reliable method is to add large amounts of organic material at the beginning of the season. So you should know the characteristics of high-quality compost before making your own.

In What Ways Organic Matter Affects The Plants?

All organic matter has nutrients. Slowly decays through a process of chemical and biological decomposition. Because of this, it is possible to extract these nutrients with water and heat. The plant roots absorb the material directly because they are smaller than the particles in the soil. The seeds can also absorb minerals, which are dissolved in water. The particles in the soil itself are too large to be absorbed by the roots. The soil allows the water and nutrients to penetrate its structure.

What Kinds of Organic Matter Are There?

There are many kinds of organic matter that plants can use. One organic matter is called humus. There are two main types of hummus: Hummus is a type of organic matter that bacteria and fungi have decomposed. Humus is a type of organic matter that bacteria and fungi have spoiled. This humus is composed of dead plant remains, animal waste, and soil that microorganisms have broken down. Another type of humus is plant matter that fungi have converted into a more stable form. This type of humus is called “humic acids” or “humates.” Humus and humates are made up of carbon (C) and hydrogen (H). They both affect plants and soil in different ways. However, it is suggested that you should not use hummus because it can build nitrogen in the soil.

The production of humus is prolonged in comparison to nitrogen or phosphorus. This means that there is less risk of over-fertilizing using composted materials.

Is There Any Alternative to Organic Matter?

There is no alternative to organic matter in composting. It is entirely natural and harmless. The primary purpose of composting is to return organic matter to the soil, which becomes a nutrient for plants. Composting does not contribute harmful substances to the environment, air, or water. It is a natural process essential for the ecosystem’s sustainability. Composting is a safe and environment-friendly way to dispose of kitchen scraps, yard waste, and other organic matter.


1. What is Organic Matter Meaning?

Organic matter is material that contains carbon and has come from once-living organisms. It is the main component of soil and is also found in water and air. The different types of organic matter are determined by how the carbon atoms are bonded together.

2. What is Organic Matter in Agriculture?

Organic matter is a term used in agriculture to describe the component of soil made up of living and decaying organisms. The organic matter in soil is essential for providing nutrients and water to plants and promoting healthy soil structure. Many types of organic matter exist, including plant residues, animal manures, compost, and green manure crops.

3. Is Organic Matter Suitable for Plants?

Organic matter is suitable for plants because it helps them retain water and nutrients. This is important, especially in drought, because it means the plants will not need to use as much water to survive. Organic matter also helps improve the soil’s structure, making it easier for plants to grow.

Summing Up!

Organic matter is essential to plants because it helps them grow and thrive. Adding organic matter to your garden can help your plants become stronger and more resistant to pests and diseases. So why not add some organic matter to your garden today?