How to Grow Duffie Oak


Duffie Oak (Quercus durifolia) is a live oak tree found in the southeastern and south-central United States. It grows as high as 70 feet and has an upright, spreading canopy with large, leathery branches. The tree is quite drought-tolerant and can withstand both dry and wet conditions.

It thrives in full sun exposure, although some shade will be tolerated during the hottest months of the year. This oak has a slow growth rate but can live for hundreds of years when healthy. Its bark is dark gray with shallow furrows and anthavedae that are light green above and silvery-gray beneath.

Its bark is dark gray or blackish-brown, and its foliage is dark green. The leaves are leathery, with a pointed apex, bristle-tipped margins, and rounded lobes. The acorns are small and oval in shape, with a light brown cap that covers one third of the nut.

Duffie Oak wood is hard and strong, making it an excellent choice for firewood, furniture, and other woodworking projects. It is also used to make fence posts and railroad ties. The tree is not commonly planted as an ornamental species due to the difficulties of transplanting.

However, it can be found in some parks, gardens, and public areas throughout its natural range. This live oak is a valuable addition to any landscape, providing both shade and beauty. It is an excellent food source for birds, squirrels, and other wildlife.

Duffie Oak is a tough tree that can handle a variety of conditions and climates. Its slow growth rate makes it ideal for those looking for a long-term investment in their landscape. The combination of beauty, strength, and longevity make this tree an excellent choice for any yard.

Overview How to Grow Duffie Oak

To grow Duffie Oak in your landscape, you will need to provide it with full sun exposure and moist, well-draining soil. This tree is not drought-tolerant, so it should be watered regularly during periods of prolonged dryness. It does best in USDA hardiness zones 7 to 10 and can tolerate temperatures as low as -10°F (-23°C).

Before planting, it is important to prune the roots of your live oak. If planted too deep or with a heavy root ball, the tree may suffer from root rot or stunted growth. Select an appropriately sized pot for your Duffie oak if you plan on keeping it indoors. Be sure to water thoroughly but not excessively; overwatering may cause root rot or fungal diseases.

Fertilization is also necessary for optimal growth and health. When first planted, use a balanced fertilizer formulated for trees. After the first year, you can switch to an organic fertilizer with low nitrogen content. Apply it twice per year in early spring and mid-summer following package instructions.

Finally, mulch around your Duffie Oak tree to retain moisture and keep weeds at bay. This will also help protect the roots from temperature fluctuations throughout the year. With regular care and maintenance, your Duffie Oak should be a healthy addition to your landscape for years to come.

10 Ways How to Grow Duffie Oak

Choose a suitable location:

Select an area that receives full sun and has well-draining soil. Avoid areas with standing water, as this can lead to root rot.

Plant at the right time

Plant your Duffie Oak during the winter, when the tree is dormant. This will give it time to become established before hot summer temperatures set in.

Prepare the soil

Prepare the soil before planting by loosening it with a shovel or spade. Amend the soil with compost or other organic matter to improve its drainage and fertility.

Dig the planting hole

Dig a hole that is twice as wide and just as deep as the root ball of your tree. Slope the sides of the hole so water will easily drain away from the tree.

Water regularly

Duffie Oak is not drought-tolerant, so it should be watered regularly when the soil begins to feel dry. Water deeply but not too frequently to avoid root rot.

Mulch around the tree

Apply a 2 to 3 inch (5 to 7.5 cm) layer of mulch around the tree, keeping it at least 8 inches (20 cm) away from the trunk. This will help retain moisture and keep weeds at bay.

Fertilize as needed

Fertilize your Duffie Oak tree in early spring and mid-summer, using a balanced fertilizer or one formulated for trees.

Prune as necessary

Prune your Duffie Oak tree in late winter or early spring. Remove any dead, diseased, or overhanging branches.

Control pests and diseases

Check the tree regularly for signs of pests or disease, and take appropriate action if any are found.

Monitor for any issues and address promptly.

If your Duffie Oak tree shows signs of drooping leaves, yellowing foliage, or stunted growth, take steps to remedy the issue. These could be signs of a nutrient deficiency or pest infestation.

With proper care and maintenance, your Duffie Oak tree should thrive in your landscape for many years. Its attractive evergreen foliage, incredible strength, and durability make it an excellent choice for outdoor landscaping projects. Give your tree the care it needs and you’ll have a majestic, beautiful addition to your yard.


Duffie Oak is an incredibly strong and beautiful tree that is well-suited for warm climates. It requires regular watering, fertilization, mulching, pruning and monitoring in order to grow healthily and flourish. With proper care and maintenance, your Duffie Oak can be a long lasting addition to your landscape. Give it the attention it needs, and you’ll be rewarded with a majestic tree that will bring beauty to your yard or garden for many years.

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